Medical and Scientific Sources

Medical and scientific accuracy is essential to us. Here's the list of sources we used to prepare the factors information and create labels for the AI model for their assessment.

Factors labelling

  1. Gruhn et al "Chromosome errors in human eggs shape natural fertility over reproductive lifespan" (2019)
  2. Currie J and Schwandt H "Short- and long-term effects of unemployment on fertility" (2014)
  3. Andersen SH and Özcan B "The effects of unemployment on fertility" (2021)
  4. Götmark F and Andersson M "Human fertility in relation to education, economy, religion, contraception, and family planning programs" (2020)
  5. Butts S. ""Health disparities of African Americans in reproductive medicine"" (2021)
  6. Shirazi TN and Rosinger AY "Reproductive Health Disparities in the USA: Self-reported Race/Ethinicity Predicts Age of Menarch and Live Birth Ratios, but Not Infertility" (2021)
  7. Chandra A et al "Infertility and impaired fecundity in the United States, 1982-2010: data from the National Survey of Family Growth" (2013)
  8. Zorrilla M and Yatsenko AN "The Genetics of Infertility: Current Status of the Field" (2013)
  9. Trofimova T et al "Genetic basis of eugonadal and hypogonadal female reproductive disorders" (2017)
  10. Practice Committee ASRM "Role of metformin for ovulation induction in infertile patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): a guideline" (2017)
  11. Teede HJ, et al. "Recommendations from the international evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome" (2018)
  12. Nobles CJ, et al. "Preconception Blood Pressure Levels and Reproductive Outcomes in a Prospective Cohort of Women Attempting Pregnancy" (2018)
  13. Williams, KE, et al. "Mood disorders and fertility in women: a critical review of the literature and implications for future research" (2007)
  14. Stanhiser J et al "Serum omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid concentrations and natural fertility" (2020)
  15. Florou P et al "Does coenzyme Q10 supplementation improve fertility outcomes in women undergoing assisted reproductive technology procedures? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials" (2020)
  16. Chavarro JE et al "Use of multivitamins, intake of B vitamins and risk of ovulatory infertility" (2008)
  17. Machado V et al "Validity of the association between periodontitis and female infertility conditions: a concise review" (2020)
  18. Bond JC et al "Self-reported periodontitis and fecundability in a population of pregnancy planners" (2021)
  19. Nobles CJ et al "Preconception blood pressure levels and reproductive outcomes in a prospective cohort of women attempting pregnancy" (2018)
  20. Krassas GE et al "Thyroid function and human reproductive health" (2010)
  21. Thong EP et al "Diabetes: a metabolic and reproductive disorder in women" (2020)
  22. Kasius Jc et al "The impact of chronic endometritis on reproductive outcome" (2011)
  23. Cicinelli E et al "Prevalence of chronic endometritis in repeated unexplained implantation failure and the IVF success rate after antibiotic therapy. " (2015)
  24. Shai D et al "Fertility and pregnancy complications following chorioamnionitis" (2021)
  25. Buzzaccarini G et al "Chronic endometritis and altered embryo implantation: a unified pathophysiological theory from a literature systematic review" (2020)
  26. Ellington J et al "Prevalence of vaginal dryness in trying-to-conceive couples" (2003)
  27. Tsevat, DG et al "Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infertility" (2017)
  28. Practice Committee ASRM "Removal of myomas in asymptomatic patients to imrpove fertility and/or reduce miscarriage rate: a guideline" (2017)
  29. Evans MB and Decherney AH "Fertility and endometriosis" (2017)
  30. Hart, RJ "Physiological Aspects of Female Fertility: Role of the Environment, Modern Lifestyle, and Genetics" (2016)
  31. Nordqvist S et al "Sexual orientation of women does not affect outcome of fertility treatment with donated sperm" (2014)
  32. Briscoe KK "What is the optimal frequency of intercourse for a healthy couple trying to conceive?" (2014)
  33. Wilcox AJ et al "Timing of sexual intercourse in relation to ovulation. Effects on the probability of conception, survival, and sex of the baby" (1995)
  34. Farrow A et al "Prolonged use of oral contraception before a planned pregnancy is associated with a decreased risk of delayed conception" (2002)
  35. Girum T and Wasie A "Return of fertility after discontinuation of contraception: a systematic review and meta-analysis" (2018)
  36. Williams, KE, et al. "Mood disorders and fertility in women: a critical review of the literature and implications for future research" (2007)
  37. Rooney KL and Domar AD "The relationship between stress and infertility" (2018)
  38. Schliep KC, et al. "Perceived stress, reproductive hormones, and ovulatory function: a prospective cohort study." (2015)
  39. Wesselink, A.K. et al "Menstrual cycle characteristics and fecundability in a North American preconception cohort" (2016)
  40. Thomsen AL, et al "Female exposure to phthalates and time to pregnancy: a first pregnancy planner study" (2017)
  41. Attarchi MS, et al "Assessment of time to pregnancy and spontaneous abortion status following occupational exposure to organic solvents mixture" (2012)
  42. J Occup Environ Med "Occupational exposures and risk of female infertility" (1997)
  43. Karayiannis D et al "Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and IVF success rate among non-obese women attempting fertility" (2018)
  44. Vujkovic M et al "The preconcepiton Mediterranean dietary pattern in couples undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment increases the chance of pregnancy" (2010)
  45. Silvestris E et al "Nutrition and female fertility: an interdependent correlation" (2019)
  46. de Angelis, C et al "Smoke, alcohol and drug addiction and female fertility" (2020)
  47. Practice Committee ASRM "Smoking and infertility: a committee opinion" (2018)
  48. Mueller BA et al "Recreational drug use and the risk of primary infertility" (1990)
  49. de Angelis, C et al "Smoke, alcohol and drug addiction and female fertility" (2020)
  50. de Angelis, C et al "Smoke, alcohol and drug addiction and female fertility" (2020)
  51. Anwar MY et al "The association between alcohol intake and fecundability during menstrual cycle phases" (2021)
  52. Fan D et al. "Female alcohol consumption and fecundability: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis" (2017)
  53. Practice Committee ASRM "Obesity and reproduction" (2021)
  54. Aune D et al "Maternal body mass index and the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death: a systematic review and meta-analysis." (2014)
  55. Petersen et al "The influence of female and male body mass index on live births after assisted reproductive technology treatment: a nationwide register-based cohort study." (2013)
  56. Caetano et al "Impact of sleep on female and male reproductive functions: a systematic review" (2014)
  57. Kloss JD et al "Sleep, sleep disturbance, and fertility in women" (2014)
  58. Morris SN, Missmer SA, Cramer DW, Powers RD, McShane PM, Hornstein MD. "Effects of lifetime exercise on the outcome of in vitro fertilization" (2006)
  59. Evans JJ, Anderson GM "Balancing ovulation and anovulation: integration of the reproductive and energy balance axes by neuropeptides." (2012)
  60. ASRM Committee Opinion No. 589 "Female age-related fertility decline" (2014)
  61. Franasiak et al "The nature of aneuploidy with increasing age of the female partner: a review of 15,169 consecutive trophectoderm biopsies evaluated with comprehensive chromosomal screening" (2014)
  62. De Souza MJ, Miller BE, Loucks AB, Luciano AA, Pescatello LS, Campbell CG, Lasley BL "High frequency of luteal phase deficiency and anovulation in recreational women runners: blunted elevation in follicle-stimulating hormone observed during luteal- follicular transition" (1998)

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